I Ching

The I Ching is also known as the Book of Changes, an ancient and sacred Chinese text.  This book is a classic of Confucian belief.  It was often used to foretell the future; similarly, the book could also provide moral, philosophical, and cosmological guidance.

The I Ching is based on a series of 64 hexagrams, each consisting of two trigrams.  Each of the eight basic trigrams is named for a natural phenomenon –wind, fire, heaven, and so on. Each hexagram has symbolic significance. Since this symbolic meaning is only revealed through mysterious poetry and philosophy, the practice is challenging.

To consult the book, a fortune teller must cast lots six times.  This will help them determine the correct hexagram.  In its earliest forms, the Book of Changes was used for fortune telling.  However, over 3000 years ago, the original function was expanded to include the provision of moral counsel.

Until the Qing dynasty, the I Ching also included a numerological component.  That’s fell out of favor, so has been re-emphasized as Westerners become influenced by Eastern mysticism.  Western supporters included the famous psychoanalyst Carl Jung, who felt that meditating upon the text would help one to access the subconscious mind, the Akashic records, and wisdom.

The eight trigrams

Hexagram R. Wilhelm
01. |||||| Force (乾 qián) The Creative
02. ¦¦¦¦¦¦ Field (坤 kūn) The Receptive
03. |¦¦¦|¦ Sprouting (屯 chún) Difficulty at the Beginning
04. ¦|¦¦¦| Enveloping (蒙 méng) Youthful Folly
05. |||¦|¦ Attending (需 xū) Waiting
06. ¦|¦||| Arguing (訟 sòng) Conflict
07. ¦|¦¦¦¦ Leading (師 shī) The Army
08. ¦¦¦¦|¦ Grouping (比 bǐ) Holding Together
09. |||¦|| Small Accumulating (小畜 xiǎo chù) Small Taming
10. ||¦||| Treading (履 lǚ) Treading (Conduct)
11. |||¦¦¦ Prevading (泰 tài) Peace
12. ¦¦¦||| Obstruction (否 pǐ) Standstill
13. |¦|||| Concording People (同人 tóng rén) Fellowship
14. ||||¦| Great Possessing (大有 dà yǒu) Great Possession
15. ¦¦|¦¦¦ Humbling (謙 qiān) Modesty
16. ¦¦¦|¦¦ Providing-For (豫 yù) Enthusiasm
17. |¦¦||¦ Following (隨 suí) Following
18. ¦||¦¦| Corrupting (蠱 gǔ) Work on the Decayed
19. ||¦¦¦¦ Nearing (臨 lín) Approach
20. ¦¦¦¦|| Viewing (觀 guān) Contemplation
21. |¦¦|¦| Gnawing Bite (噬嗑 shì kè) Biting Through
22. |¦|¦¦| Adorning (賁 bì) Grace
23. ¦¦¦¦¦| Stripping (剝 bō) Splitting Apart
24. |¦¦¦¦¦ Returning (復 fù) Return
25. |¦¦||| Without Embroiling (無妄 wú wàng) Innocence
26. |||¦¦| Great Accumulating (大畜 dà chù) Great Taming
27. |¦¦¦¦| Swallowing (頤 yí) Mouth Corners
28. ¦||||¦ Great Exceeding (大過 dà guò) Great Preponderance
29. ¦|¦¦|¦ Gorge (坎 kǎn) The Abysmal Water
30. |¦||¦| Radiance (離 lí) The Clinging
31. ¦¦|||¦ Conjoining (咸 xián) Influence
32. ¦|||¦¦ Persevering (恆 héng) Duration
Hexagram R. Wilhelm
33. ¦¦|||| Retiring (遯 dùn) Retreat
34. ||||¦¦ Great Invigorating (大壯 dà zhuàng) Great Power
35. ¦¦¦|¦| Prospering (晉 jìn) Progress
36. |¦|¦¦¦ Brightness Hiding (明夷 míng yí) Darkening of the Light
37. |¦|¦|| Dwelling People (家人 jiā rén) The Family
38. ||¦|¦| Polarising (睽 kuí) Opposition
39. ¦¦|¦|¦ Limping (蹇 jiǎn) Obstruction
40. ¦|¦|¦¦ Taking-Apart (解 xiè) Deliverance
41. ||¦¦¦| Diminishing (損 sǔn) Decrease
42. |¦¦¦|| Augmenting (益 yì) Increase
43. |||||¦ Parting (夬 guài) Breakthrough
44. ¦||||| Coupling (姤 gòu) Coming to Meet
45. ¦¦¦||¦ Clustering (萃 cuì) Gathering Together
46. ¦||¦¦¦ Ascending (升 shēng) Pushing Upward
47. ¦|¦||¦ Confining (困 kùn) Oppression
48. ¦||¦|¦ Welling (井 jǐng) The Well
49. |¦|||¦ Skinning (革 gé) Revolution
50. ¦|||¦| Holding (鼎 dǐng) The Cauldron
51. |¦¦|¦¦ Shake (震 zhèn) Arousing
52. ¦¦|¦¦| Bound (艮 gèn) The Keeping Still
53. ¦¦|¦|| Infiltrating (漸 jiàn) Development
54. ||¦|¦¦ Converting The Maiden (歸妹 guī mèi) The Marrying Maiden
55. |¦||¦¦ Abounding (豐 fēng) Abundance
56. ¦¦||¦| Sojourning (旅 lǚ) The Wanderer
57. ¦||¦|| Ground (巽 xùn) The Gentle
58. ||¦||¦ Open (兌 duì) The Joyous
59. ¦|¦¦|| Dispersing (渙 huàn) Dispersion
60. ||¦¦|¦ Articulating (節 jié) Limitation
61. ||¦¦|| Centre Confirming (中孚 zhōng fú) Inner Truth
62. ¦¦||¦¦ Small Exceeding (小過 xiǎo guò) Small Preponderance
63. |¦|¦|¦ Already Fording (既濟 jì jì) After Completion
64. ¦|¦|¦| Not-Yet Fording (未濟 wèi jì) Before Completion