Some of Europe´s most ancient and mysterious ruins are the megalithic Cyclopean stone walls that once surrounded and protected the ancient city of Tarraco (modern “Tarragona”) in northeast Spain. These Cyclopean walls, which the classical historians tell us were built by a mysterious race of one-eyed giants called “the Cyclopes,” undermine the mainstream explanation of the city´s origins offered by scholars, who claim Tarraco was founded by the Romans around the time of Christ. In this article, we´ll examine the possibility that Tarraco was originally a Cyclopean city founded by a mysterious and perhaps dying race of humans, the Cyclopes, whose prehistoric, futuristic and bizarre architecture formed the foundations for a later Roman settlement.
Richard Cassaro in front of a Cyclopean door in Tarraco, Spain.
Scholars say Tarraco was founded by the Romans two thousand years ago; but this explanation is directly contradicted by the megalithic, prehistoric wall that once surrounded and protected the ancient city of Tarraco.
“Tarraco is the ancient name of the current city of Tarragona (Catalonia, Spain). It was the oldest Roman settlement on the Iberian Peninsula, founded during the Second Punic War by Scipio Calvus…”
Throughout history, it has been widely recognized that megalithic polygonal walls, like the walls in Tarraco, could only have been built by one people—the Cyclopes, described by the classical historians as a giant race of master builders with a Cyclopean Eye or Third Eye awakened on their forehead.
“Cyclopean masonry is a type of stonework…built with massive…boulders, roughly fitted together with minimal clearance between adjacent stones and no use of mortar…
The term comes from the belief of classical Greeks that only the mythical Cyclopes had the strength to move the enormous boulders…”
Richard Cassaro in front of a Cyclopean door in Tarraco, Spain.
The question is, who were these advanced ancient “Cyclopean” stonemasons? Why did they always build on such a megalithic scale? Were the Cyclopes just a legend, as scholars now believe? Or were they a real people, as these ruins suggest?
Ancient depiction of a giant Cyclopes with Third Eye. Mosaic in the Villa Romana, Sicily.
Watch this short documentary film I produced, which gives a basic summary of Tarraco, and which questions the possibility that the Cyclopes were the city´s prehistoric founders.
It´s unclear why scholars do not see Tarraco as a “Cyclopean city” or “Cyclopean colony,” even though Tarraco is surrounded by the same megalithic Cyclopean walls found at other so-called Cyclopean cities across the Mediterranean:
“Ages before the Romans existed, the fair land of Italy was inhabited by nations who have left indestructible monuments as the only records of their history. Those wonderful cities of early Italy which have been termed Cyclopean, are thickly scattered throughout certain districts, and are often perched like eagles’ nests, on the very crests of mountains, at such an elevation as to strike amazement into the traveler who now visits them, and to bewilder him with speculations as to the state of society which could have driven men to such scarcely accessible spots for habitation, and to entrench themselves therein with such stupendous fortifications.”
―Louisa Caroline Tuthill, History of Architecture, (1848)
Rejecting hundreds and indeed thousands of years of scholarship, scholars do not recognize the “Cyclopes” as the prehistoric inhabitants of Tarraco. Instead they proffer vague explanations of the city´s founding, using phrases like “the municipality was inhabited in pre-Roman times” and “the ancient wall is characteristic of the Iberian stonemasons.”
“The municipality was inhabited in pre-Roman times by Iberians…Evidence of Iberian colonies in the municipality of Tarragona has been dated to the 5th century BC.”
“…Publius Scipio…and his brother Gnaeus Cornelius are attributed with the fortification of Tarraco and the establishment of a military port…The Roman city wall was probably constructed on top of the more ancient wall characteristic of the Iberian stonemason.”
Why do scholars fail to recognize Tarraco´s obvious Cyclopean past?
Tarraco´s Cyclopean Walls
Tarraco´s megalithic Cyclopean walls once surrounded the entire city. They resemble similar stone walls at other Cyclopean cities in that they are made up of the same polygonal and megalithic architecture.
Tarraco´s megalithic Cyclopean walls, put together with no mortar, are a bizarre and prehistoric form of stonemasonry.
This evidence suggests that the Cyclopes established Tarraco—and other Cyclopean cities—as a “colony” or “outpost” of some kind; a colony away from their homeland and perhaps in enemy territory. Yet the Cyclopes chose a bold location—fertile land and an arid climate overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.
Megalithic Cyclopean walls still surround the entire ancient city of Tarraco, making it appear as though this city (like other Cyclopean cities) was a colony or outpost of some kind.
The Stone Passages
Megalithic stone passages can be found along Tarraco´s wall. They seem futuristic. Made of massive cyclopean blocks, these passages seem to have provided “access” into and out of the colony.
But did they also have some type of mystical purpose—like the megalithic dolmens, passage graves, and henges found across Great Britain and other parts of the world?
Megalithic Cyclopean stone passages can be found along the wall that surrounds the entire ancient city of Tarraco.
The ambience inside these passages is palpable; sitting inside them, I´ve experienced a heightened sense of awareness and inner peace. It is almost as if these passages were designed and built for a higher purpose that´s not yet been recognized—a purpose related to raising consciousness, finding balance, and tapping intuition.
The ambience inside the megalithic Cyclopean stone passages is palpable.
The passages at Tarraco resemble stone passages at other Cyclopean sites, like this passage in Norba, Italy, which tunnels 20 yards into the Cyclopean wall; it doesn´t feel like an access door.
The passages at Tarraco resemble stone passages at other Cyclopean sites.
The safety of their colonies was critical to the Cyclops. Before the walls even went up, the Cyclopes chose inaccessible locations for their settlements that were easily defended. This “obsessive” focus on security and seclusion is curious; it makes us think that perhaps the Cyclopes were protecting themselves from something outside the walls.
But what was that something? Could it be the Cyclopes really were the one-eyed giants that history says; and their freakish features forced them into isolation?
Could it be that the Cyclopes really were the one-eyed giants that history says?
If the Cyclopes were giants, they were probably spiritual giants; preferring solitude over battle. And if they did have one eye, it was perhaps the awakened third eye, and it informed their ruins with a wisdom that´s palpable. Their advanced architecture seems more at home in the distant future than the primitive past.
“In all the existing remains of Cyclopean architecture, whether in Syria, Greece, Italy, or England, there is a singular resemblance for which it is difficult to account.”
—Charles Boileau Elliott, 1838
All over Europe, Cyclopean ruins give this “highly-sophisticated” impression. One example is this Cyclopean wall in Orbetello, Italy, one of the most bizarre examples of “Master Masonry” in all Antiquity.
This Cyclopean wall in Orbetello, Italy, is one of the most bizarre examples of “Master Masonry” in all Antiquity.
When we gaze at these Cyclopean feats, are we seeing the handiwork of a higher humanity?
All around the world mysteriously advanced and ancient Cyclopean ruins challenge the “mainstream” version of history. How do we explain them? The classical historians held the answer. They believed that man was more advanced in Antiquity. In fact, the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Hindus said that a “Golden Age” civilization flourished deep in the remote past. Remnants of this Golden Age are still visible in the world´s most ancient wonders—like these Cyclopean ruins. The end of the Golden Age triggered a decline in humanity, and a degeneration in culture that continues today.
When we look with amazement at the achievements of Tarraco, are we seeing the achievements of a higher form of man? A Golden Age man?
“Plato…recounts the golden race of humans who came first…” —Wikipedia
“The term Golden Age…from Greek mythology…refers to the…Ages of Man, in which the Golden Age is first, followed in sequence, by the Silver, Bronze, Heroic, and then the present (Iron), which is a period of decline… —Wikipedia
“There are analogous concepts in the religious and philosophical traditions of the South Asian subcontinent. For example, the Vedic or ancient Hindu culture saw history as cyclical, composed of yugas with alternating Dark and Golden Ages. The Kali yuga (Iron Age), Dwapara yuga (Bronze Age), Treta yuga (Silver Age) and Satya yuga (Golden Age) correspond to the four Greek ages. Similar beliefs occur in the ancient Middle East and throughout the ancient world, as well. —Wikipedia
The Cyclopean Eye of Freemasonry
If the ancient Cyclopean Masons did have an awakened “Third Eye,” it might explain their abnormal ruins. It might also explain the Third Eye tradition that has been handed down through history by the so-called Freemasons, a Secret Society of master stonemasons not unlike the master Cyclopean masons who built Tarraco. The Freemasons have preserved the Third Eye (also known as the “Cyclopean Eye”) symbol in their art, architecture, rituals, symbolism and ceremonies.
The Freemasons have preserved the Third Eye symbol in their art and architecture.
The Third Eye is a well-established part of history. Since ancient times, Hindus have worn a forehead dot to symbolize the Third Eye, which they say was awakened in man during the last Golden Age.
Since ancient times, Hindus have worn a forehead dot to symbolize the Third Eye.
Does this mean that the Cyclopes, by definition, lived during the last Golden Age? Or not long after? Is Tarraco the remnant of the Golden Age? Or perhaps the Silver Age? Built by stonemasons with an awakened Cyclopean Eye?—Not gods themselves, but human beings far more advanced in consciousness than we are today?
Evidence for this can be found in these ancient “Swastika Mosaics” preserved at Tarraco´s Archaeology Museum. The Swastika is the chief symbol of Hinduism and it signifies the Third Eye (as one of its meanings):
Swastika mosaics preserved at Tarraco´s Archaeology Museum.
The Swastika appears in museums worldwide, a fact that convinced many Victorian scholars that the Swastika was linked to the lost continent of Atlantis, which they believed was home to a race of giants with an awakened Third Eye. These scholars were familiar with the age-old Occult tradition that ties “Atlantis” to the Golden Age.
This tradition says that when Golden Age ended, the Atlanteans lost their stature. Their Third Eye also atrophied, becoming concealed by the flesh. It also left their descendants—we modern humans—unable to fully recognize our inner divinity.
Though atrophied we still have access to his ancestral organ, which science calls the “pineal gland.” Ancient arts like Yoga teach seekers how to awaken the pineal gland. And for the next several thousand years the symbol of the pine cone would come to symbolize the hidden history of the Cyclopes, the advanced ancient architecture they left behind, and the lost wisdom of the Third Eye which remains inside us.
Ancient arts like Yoga teach seekers how to awaken the pineal gland.
“The Pineal Gland is… variously postulated to be a vestigial third eye… or the seat of the soul…”
—Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary
Today, the legacy of the Cyclopes lives on. Their “Cyclopean Eye” became the chief symbol of Western “Secret Societies.” The largest and oldest is the Masonic Fraternity, an Order of stonemasons—just like the Cyclopes. Medieval Freemasons are credited with building the majestic Gothic Cathedrals, where they encoded the ancient wisdom they inherited.
Sadly, modern Freemasons have lost the true meaning of the Masonic arts. The Masons no longer understand what the “Cyclopean Eye” symbolizes. Even worse, Masons confuse it with religion and call it the “Eye of God.” But the Cyclopean Eye is none other than the ancient “Third Eye” hidden in the forehead. It links modern Freemasonry to the ancient Cyclopean stonemasons, and it symbolizes man´s lost spiritual powers.
“…the All-seeing eye…This is the eye of freemasonry, the third eye.”
—Dr. George Washington Carey, The Wonders of the Human Body, 1918
These lost powers are visible here at Tarraco, a colony that I am confident was created thousands of years before the Romans by a Cyclopean race of Master Masons perhaps during an upheaval in their history when the Cyclopes may have been forced to flee their homeland.
The Cyclopes appear to have been spiritual and sophisticated; they may have even known they were a dying race. So they created small colonies like Tarraco in Spain, and Cosa and Norba in Italy, where their lineages ended.
Antiquity is filled with refugee stories, the most ancient and famous describing refugees fleeing the sunken Atlantis. Was Tarraco one of the places the survivors of Atlantis settled?—A colony where a higher humanity escaped a cataclysm?—A Golden Age humanity?
The Cyclopean ruins here in Tarraco and across Europe are baffling, and the fact that the Cyclopean Eye has been preserved in the most powerful Secret Society in the world—the Masonic Fraternity—almost begs us to find links that connect them together.
“It was the Freemasons who dutifully remembered their ancestral “Third Eye” tradition—preserving its secrets in their symbols, practicing its wisdom in their rituals, and instructing new generations into this lost spiritual art of our forefathers.”
–Richard Cassaro, Written in Stone
Much more information on these topics can be found in my books Written in Stone and The Missing Link:
Richard Cassaro’s new book, The Missing Link, explores the meaning, transformations and propagation of the ancient world’s most important religious icon. His first book, Written in Stone, is a wide-ranging exploration of hitherto-unknown connections among Freemasons, medieval cathedral builders and the creators of important ancient monuments, in support of his theory that a spiritually advanced mother culture, lost to history, is behind many of the world’s architectural and artistic traditions.
Prior to the publication of Written in Stone, Cassaro enjoyed a successful career as a U.S. correspondent, professional journalist, and photo researcher for Rizzoli Publications, one of the world’s leading media organizations. Cassaro, who is a graduate of Pace University in New York City, has examined first-hand the ancient ruins and mystical traditions of Egypt, Mexico, Greece, Italy, Sicily, France, England, India, Peru and Spain; he has lectured on his theories to great acclaim in the United States, Egypt, Italy, Spain and Peru.
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